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A Checklist of Maps of Western Exploration

in the Special Collections Department
 

     This is a checklist of 18th and 19th century maps—some original, but most facsimiles or photostats—in the Special Collections Department relating to the exploration and early settlement of the American West, focusing on the Pacific Northwest and Intermountain region. They were made by the explorers themselves or by contemporaries working from explorers’ notes.  They are all sheet maps; we have not attempted to list maps that appear in atlases, nor maps that accompany published journals of exploration.


Robert Greenhow's 1844 map depicted the Hudson's Bay
Company fur trading post Fort Boise at the confluence of Reed's River (Boise River) and the Sahaptin (Snake River)

        Most of the maps on this list were collected in the 1930s and 1940s by J. Neilson Barry, an historian interested in the history of the region.  He assembled his collection from libraries and collectors across the country (notably the Library and Congress and the National Archives), at a time when published reproductions were not readily available in secondary sources.  He donated them, along with his papers, to Boise State University in 1957.   Most of these maps are now located in Special Collections’ general map collection; those remaining with the Barry papers are so indicated with a citation to the appropriate folder. 

      A number of these maps are reproduced in Carl Wheat’s Mapping the Transmississippi West (1957-1963).  Citations to Wheat’s map numbers are given in those cases.  One advantage the photostats have, however, is that they were reproduced at full size, or close to it, so they are usually easier to read than those published in Wheat and other historic atlases.  Map numbers are also provided for those maps only described, but not reproduced, in Wheat.  The note “description only” follows the number.

     The maps are listed below by date of creation or publication.  Maps donated by J. Neilson Barry are labeled (Barry). 


1775    Hezeta, Bruno de.  Plano de la Bahia de la Asumpcion ô entrada de Ezeta [mouth of the Columbia River].  Ms. map.  One sheet, positive photostat  from the Library of Congress  (Barry)  [Original is in Archivo General de Indias, Spain]

1792    Broughton, William Robert.    A sketch of the River Columbia explored on his Majesty’s armed brig Chatham.   Ms. map.  One sheet, positive photostat from the British Admiralty Office  (Barry)  [A larger negative photostat, on two sheets, is located in Folder 1308 of the Barry collection]

1793    Martinez y Zayas, J.   Plano de la Entrada de Ezeta ô Rio de la Columbia.  Ms. map.  One sheet, positive photostat from Library of Congress (Barry)  [The original is contained within an atlas of ms. maps at the Library of Congress, “Libro 2º. Cartas Esfericas y Planos de los Puertos situados sobre las Coastas Septentrionales de las Californias è Yslas adyacentes, descubiertos por los Españoles”]

1796    Arrowsmith, Aaron.   A map exhibiting all the new discoveries in the interior parts of North America…Additions to 1796.  Six sheets, negative photostats.  Wheat no. 231 (Barry)

1797    Untitled ms. map, with French legends, of Missouri River watershed and Western North America.  One sheet, negative photostat from the Library of Congress.  Wheat no. 243  (Barry collection, Folder 1320-a)

1801    Fidler, Peter.  An Indian map of the Upper-Missouri.  One sheet, negative photostat from the Library of Congress.  Wheat no. 249  (Barry)

1802    Arrowsmith, Aaron.  A map exhibiting all the new discoveries in the interior parts of North America….Additions to 1802.  One sheet, positive photostat, of that portion of the map portraying the Western United States beyond the 95th meridian. Wheat no. 253 (description only)  (Barry collection, Folder 1301)

1803    King, Nicholas.  Untitled ms. map of the West made by Nicholas King, War Department copyist, and carried by Lewis and Clark on their expedition.  Two sheets, positive photostats, from the Library of Congress.  Published in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition (1983), map 2  (Barry collection, Folder 1320-a)

1804    Humboldt, Alexander von.  Carte générale du Royaume de la Nouvelle Espagne. Two sheets, negative photocopies, of that portion of the map north of 31st parallel.  Wheat no. 302 (description only).  (Barry collection, Folder 1315)

1806    Clark, William (from Hohastillpelp)  Untitled ms. map of  Snake River system.  One sheet, positive photostat.  Two copies, both annotated by J. Neilson Barry.  Published as Map 100 in Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition (1983)  (Barry collection, Folder 1320-b)

1806    Lewis, Meriwether.  A map of part of the continent of North America…compiled from the authorities of the best informed travelers by M. Lewis…copied by Nicholas King.  Four sheets, negative photostats, from the National Archives.  Neither Wheat nor Moulton publish this exact map; but cf. Wheat no. 270 (1805) and Moulton no. 123 (1806)  (Barry)

1807    Frazer, Robert.  A map of the discoveries of Capt. Lewis & Clark from the Rockey Mountain and the River Lewis to the Cap of Disappointement or the Coloumbia River at the north Pacific Ocean.  Ms. map.  Five sheets, negative photostats from the Library of Congress.  Wheat no. 286  (Barry); also published as Map 124 in Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition.   Wheat writes, “Reverend Barry has pointed out as one interesting feature that where the party moved along fast, Frazer’s map is foreshortened, and where the party struggled along slowly (as at the Lolo Trail) it is strangely elongated.” (Vol. 2, page 46)

1808    Drouillard, George.  Untitled ms. sketch map of the Upper Yellowstone country.  One sheet, positive photocopy, from the Library of Congress.  Wheat, no. 289 (description only) (Barry collection, Folder 1320-d)

1808    Drouillard, George.  Untitled ms. map of the Yellowstone and Bighorn country drawn by William Clark from information given by Drouillard.  One sheet, positive photocopy, from the Missouri Historical Society.  Wheat no. 290 (but incorrectly captioned as no. 289)  (Barry collection, Folder 1320-e)

1810    Clark, William.  A map of part of the continent of North America…Shewing Lewis & Clark’s rout over the Rocky Mountains in 1805…. [Clark’s manuscript map at Yale]    Facsimile, on four sheets.  Yale University Library, 1950.  Wheat no. 291; also published in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, no. 125 (Barry)

1814    Clark, William.   A map of Lewis and Clark’s track across the western portion of North America, from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean.  Facsimile, one sheet, of Longman’s British engraving.  Oregon Historical Society, 1963.  Wheat, no. 317 (description only).  American engraving published in Wheat as no. 316 and in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition as map 126

1818    Melish, John.  United States of America.  One sheet, positive photostat, from the Library of Congress, of that portion of the map west of the Rocky Mountains.  Wheat no. 327 (description only)  (Barry collection, Folder 1323)

1818    Rector, William.  Sketch of the western part of the continent of North America between latitudes 35º and 52º N.    Six sheets; negative photostats from the National Archives.  Wheat no. 328 (description only)  (Barry)

1818?  Thompson, David.   Untitled ms. map at the British Museum depicting the western U.S. between the 41st and 45th parallels.  One sheet, positive photostat from the Library of Congress, of that portion of map between the Green River / Tetons and Blue Mountains, including the Snake River plain.  Annotated by Barry.  Wheat no. 330  (Barry collection, Folder 1327)

1820    Brué, Adrien Hubert.  Carte de L’Amerique septentrionale.  One sheet, negative photostat  (Barry)

1821    Lapie, M.   Carte de la partie occidentale des Etats-Unis…[with Hunt and Stuart routes].  One sheet, positive photostat.  Wheat no. 342  (Barry)

1821    Ross, Alexander.  Untitled ms. map of Columbia River watershed.  Nine sheets, positive photostats from the British Museum.  Wheat no. 345  (Barry collection, Folder 1325)

1825    Kittson, William.  Untitled ms. map of the route of Peter Skene Ogden expedition, 1824-25, in the intermountain fur country, including the Snake River plain.  One sheet, positive photocopy.  Wheat no. 362  (Barry collection, Folder 1311)

1833    Arrowsmith, Aaron.  A map exhibiting all the new discoveries in the interior parts of North America….Additions to 1811, 18, 19, 20, 24, 33.  One sheet, negative photostat, of that portion of the map portraying the northwestern U.S. beyond the 104th meridian  (Barry collection, Folder 1301)

1836    Ferris, Warren.   Map of the Northwest Fur Country.   Facsimile, one sheet.  Walter McCausland, 1940.  Cf. Wheat no. 416.  (Barry)

1836    Irving, Washington.  Sketch of the routes of Hunt & Stuart [published in Astoria, or anecdotes of an enterprise beyond the Rocky Mountains, by Washington Irving]  One sheet, positive photostat.  Wheat, no. 419 (description only)

1837    Arrowsmith, John.   British North America.  Two sheets, positive photostats.  Cf. Wheat no. 403 (1834 ed.)  (Barry)

1837    Bonneville, Benjamin.   A map of the sources of the Colorado & Big Salt Lake: Platte, Yellow-Stone, Muscle-Shell, Missouri & Salmon & Snake rivers, branches of the Columbia River  [published in The Adventures of Captain Bonneville, U.S.A., in the Rocky Mountains and the Far West, by Washington Irving]  One sheet, negative photostat.  Wheat no. 423  (Barry)

1838    Hood, Washington.   Map of the United States, Territory of Oregon, west of the Rocky Mountains: exhibiting the various trading depots or forts occupied by the Britsh Hudson Bay Company… One sheet, negative photostat, from Library of Congress.  Wheat no. 433  (Barry)

1838    Kelley, Hall J.   Territory of Oregon.  One sheet, positive photostat. Wheat no. 444.   (Barry collection, Folder 1316)

1838    Parker, Samuel.  Map of Oregon Territory.  One sheet, positive photostat.  Wheat no. 438  (Barry)

1838    Slacum, William A.   Chart of the Columbia River for 90 miles from its mouth.  One sheet, positive photostat  (Barry)

1841    Wilkes, Charles.   Map of the Oregon Territory by the U.S. Ex. Ex., Charles Wilkes Esq Commander.  Two sheets, negative photostats from New York Public Library.  Wheat no. 457  (Barry)

1843    Fremont, John Charles.   Map to illustrate an exploration of the country, lying between the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains, on the line of the Nebraska and Platte River.  [Baltimore, E. Weber]  Two sheets, negative photostat.  Wheat, no. 464 (description only) (Barry)

1844    Arrowsmith, John.  British North America.  Two sheets, positive photostats  (Barry)

1844    Duflot de Mofras, Eugene.  Carte du Rio Colombia depuis son embouchure jusqu’au Fort Vancouver…One sheet, positive photostat.  Wheat, no. 474  (description only) (Barry)

1844    Greenhow, Robert.  Map of the western & middle portions of North America, to illustrate the History of California, Oregon, and the other countries on the nort-west coast of  America.  Two sheets, negative photostats.  Wheat no. 481 (description only)  (Barry)

1845    Fremont, John Charles.  Map of an exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842 and to Oregon & north California in the years 1843-44  (Baltimore, E. Weber)  Six sheets, negative photostats.  Wheat no. 497 (description only)  (Barry)

1846    Preuss, Charles.  Topographical map of the road from Missouri to Oregon… Seven sheets, positive photostats from the Library of Congress.  Wheat no. 523  (Barry)

1848    Fremont, John Charles.   Map of Oregon and upper California from the surveys of John Charles Fremont and other authorities.  Facsimile, one sheet.  Wheat no. 559

1852    Stansbury, Howard.  Map of a reconnaissance between Fort Leavenworth on the Missouri River and the Great Salt Lake in the Territory of Utah. [from Exploration and survey of the valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah, by Howard Stansbury (U.S. Corps of Topographical Engineers)  Wheat no. 764

1852    Stansbury, Howard.  Map of the Great Salt Lake and Adjacent Country in the Territory of Utah. [from Exploration and survey of the valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah, by Howard Stansbury (U.S. Corps of Topographical Engineers)  Wheat no. 765

1853    Disturnell, J.   New Map of California, Oregon, Washington, Utah and New Mexico.  Engraved by G. Schroeter.  Facsimile, one sheet.  Wheat no. 778

1855    Stevens, Issac I.   N.P R.R. Exploration and Survey / Sheet no. 3 / Rocky Mountains to Puget Sound.   Four sheets, negative photostats from the National Archives.  Cf. Wheat no. 866 (description only) for another version  (Barry)

1855    Williamson, R.S. and H.L. Abbot.  Map no. 2 from the northern boundary of California to the Columbia River [from Explorations and surveys for a railroad route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean]   Two sheets, negative photostats from the National Archives.  Wheat, no. 882 (description only) (Barry)

1858    Freyhold, Edward.  Sketch exhibiting the routes between Fort Laramie and the Great Salt Lake from explorations by J.C. Fremont… [et. al.]   Two sheets, negative photostats from the Library of Congress.  Wheat no. 943 (description only)  (Barry)

1858    Kirk, John.     Map of the western division of the Fort Kearney South Pass and Honey Lake road.  Dept. of the Interior, Pacific Wagon Roads. Wheat, no. 966 (description only)

1858    Lander, F.W.   Preliminary map of the central division, Ft. Kearney, South Pass & Honey Lake wagon road.  Department of the Interior, Pacific Wagon Roads.   Wheat no. 950 (description only)

1858    Medary, Samuel A.  Map of the Fort Ridgely & South Pass road.  Department of the Interior, Pacific Wagon Roads.  Wheat, no. 954 (description only)

1858    Sites, George L.  Map of the wagon-road from Platte River via Omaha Reserve and Dakota City to Running Water River, 1858.  Department of the Interior, Pacific Wagon Roads

1860    Stevens, Isaac I.   Milk R. to the crossing of the Columbia R. [from Explorations and surveys for a rail road route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean]   Wheat, no. 867 (description only)

1863    Mullan, John.  Map of military reconnaissance from Fort Dalles, Oregon via Fort Wallah-Wallah, to Fort Taylor, Washington Territory [detached from Report on the construction of a military road from Fort Walla-Walla to Fort Benton]  Wheat no. 1077 (description only) 

1863    Mullan, John.  Map of military reconnaissance from Fort Taylor to the Coeur d’Alene mission, Washington Territory  [detached from Report on the construction of a military road from Fort Walla-Walla to Fort Benton]  Wheat no. 1078 (description only)

1863    Mullan, John.  Map of the mountain section of the Ft. Walla Wall & Ft. Benton military wagon road: from Coeur d’Alene Lake to the Dearborn River, Washington Territory [detached from Report on the construction of a military road from Fort Walla-Walla to Fort Benton]  Wheat no.1079

1863    Mullan, John.  Map of military road from Fort Walla Walla on the Columbia to Fort Benton on the Missouri [detached from Report on the construction of a military road from Fort Walla-Walla to Fort Benton]  Wheat no. 1080

1874    Jones, William A.  Map of a military reconnoissance [sic], in north western Wyoming.  Two sheets, negative photostats from the Library of Congress.  Wheat no. 1241 (description only) (Barry)

1877    Raynolds, W.F.  Map of theYellowstone and Missouri rivers: western sheet from Capt. Raynolds exploration 1859-60.  With additions by Major Gillespie.  Four sheets, negative photostats  (Barry)

1878    Hayden, F.V.    Part of Central Wyoming.  U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories.   Two sheets, negative photostats from the Library of Congress  (Barry)

1926    Bond, Frank.  United States, showing routes of principal explorers and early roads and highways.  General Land Office.  3rd edition   (Barry)


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This page last changed: 9 January 2007
 

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