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J. Neilson Barry Collection
 

MSS 1
 

GROUP III: RESEARCH FILES

 




J. Neilson Barry filed most of his correspondence and research notes together by topic. During the initial processing of the collection in 1958, Annie Laurie Bird arranged his topical files into 90 broad subject groupings (each of which she called a Research File) and one Miscellaneous Subject File.  The notes and correspondence in these files will be much more meaningful to researchers who have reviewed Barry's writings (Group II) first.  Please note that some of Barry’s letters are not in topical research files; that correspondence is listed below under “Separated Correspondence.”  Consult the index of correspondents for a list of the correspondents found throughout the collection.  For more details on the history of the collection’s organization, see A Note on the Arrangement of the Collection.

  

Separated Correspondence


The letters in this box are those that were not interfiled into J. Neilson Barry’s topical research files.  In some cases the letters were of a general or miscellaneous nature that either defied classification or could not be identified; or they were wide-ranging letters exchanged with a particular person or institution on a variety of topics.  Many of the research topics in the research files are represented here; for example, Barry and Eugene B. Chaffee discussed several areas of Idaho history, and the correspondence with the Oregon Historical Society discusses many themes in Oregon history.  Not all of it is research correspondence, per se; some of it (particularly in Folders 1 through 4) is of a miscellaneous nature, such as letters to the editor, inquiries to merchants, and the like.  All the correspondents are, however, included in the collection’s index of correspondents.  The one letter from H.L. Mencken (Folder 13) is a friendly letter, evidently in response to one from Barry, inviting him to submit an article to the American Mercury.  A letter to Boise State University from E.W. Giesecke, written in 2004 describing Barry’s home, Barrycrest, has been added to the file of correspondence between Barry and Giesecke (Box 9, Folder 10).  The letter includes some reminiscences by Giesecke about Barry and two photos of the house.


Box 9: Correspondence

Folder  1   General and miscellaneous, Chronological: 1924-1930
              2   General and miscellaneous, Chronological: 1931-1939
              3   General and miscellaneous, Chronological: 1940-1951
              4   General and miscellaneous, Chronological: 1952-1960
              5   This number not used
              6   Chaffee, Eugene B., 1934-1959
              7   Chapman, C.C. / Oregon Voter, 1928-1933
              8   Curry County Indian Heir Association / Sam Van Pelt, 1930-1931
              9   Daughters of the American Revolution, 1941-1954
           10   Giesecke, E.W., 1956
           11   Kibbe, L.A., 1952-1957
           12   Lewis and Clark College, 1950
           13   Mencken, H.L. (one letter from Mencken), 1932
           14   Oregon Blue Book (about), 1935-1938
           15   Oregon Historical Society, 1929-1959
           16   Oregon Historical Quarterly: Editorial policy, 1929-1933
           17   Oregon Textbook Commission, 1936
                           Correspondents include Rex Putnam                        
           18   Richardson, Ruth Ellsworth, 1938-1941
           19   Rollins, Philip Ashton,  and Beulah Rollins, 1929
           20   Utility Security Holders Protective Association, 1933
           21   Wheat, Carl I., 1955-1959
           22   Whitehill, Walter Muir, 1960
           23   Correspondence regarding Maps
           24   Correspondence regarding Gifts of maps




List of Research Files


These are the major research files established during the initial processing of the Barry collection by Annie Laurie Bird in 1958.  One additional file has been added, File 70.5 (Persons: Indexes).  This file was created in 2006 by pulling together Barry’s alphabetical indexes of persons from the Miscellaneous Subject File.  There was also some rearrangement done of the folders within the Astoria and Lewis and Clark groupings in 2006, but otherwise the files remain basically as Miss Bird organized them. To see the names of the folders within each file, click on the File number.


File 1.     Astoria:  Correspondence and Writings
File 2.     Astoria:  Compilations
File 3.     Astoria:  Topical Notes
File 4.     Astoria:  Wilson Price Hunt
File 5.     Astoria:  Maps
File 6.     Astoria:  Persons
File 7.     Astoria:  Posts and Forts
File 8.     Astoria:  Ships

File 9.     Barlow Road (and other emigrant roads)
File 10.   Battles
File 11.   Boise, Old Fort, and Reed Fort Locations
File 12.   Bonneville, Captain
File 13.   Boundaries, International
File 14.   Canada: British Columbia
File 15.   Canada: Hudson’s Bay Company
File 16.   Canada: Maps and List of Forts
File 17.   Cascades
File 18.   Champoeg
File 19.   Champoeg: Maps and Plats
File 20.   Champoeg: Source Documents
File 21.   Chronology of Oregon
File 22.   Clatsop Beach
File 23.   Colter, John
File 24.   Colter, John: Maps
File 25.   Colter, John: Old Maps

File 26.   Columbia River I: Lt. Broughton
File 27.   Columbia River II
File 28.   Columbia River III
File 29.   Columbia River IV: Drowned Forest
File 30.   Columbia River V
File 31.   Columbia River VI: Columbia River Gorge and Highway
File 32.   Columbia River VII: Point Vancouver

File 33.   Cox, Ross
File 34.   Day, John
File 35.   Dorion Family
File 36.   Discoveries, Miscellaneous
File 37.   Douglas, David
File 38.   Ferris Map
File 39.   Fort Henry / Carved Stones
File 40.   Forts: State of Washington
File 41.   Frazer, Robert, Map
File 42.   Hayden Survey
File 43.   Heceta, Captain Bruno
File 44.   Indians
File 45.   La Honton, Baron
File 46.   Lee, Jason
File 47.   Lee, Jason: Old Methodist Mission

File 48.   Lewis and Clark Expedition
File 49.   Lewis and Clark Expedition: Patrick Gass
File 50.   Lewis and Clark Expedition: Sacajawea
File 51.   Lewis and Clark Expedition: East of the Continental Divide
File 52.   Lewis and Clark Expedition: Lemhi Region
File 53.   Lewis and Clark Expedition: Lolo Trail
File 54.   Lewis and Clark Expedition: Clearwater River
File 55.   Lewis and Clark Expedition: On the Snake and Columbia Rivers
File 56.   Lewis and Clark Expedition: On the Lower Columbia
File 57.   Lewis and Clark Expedition: Maps

File 58.   Lisa, Manuel
File 59.   Marias Pass
File 60.   McLoughlin, Doctor John
File 61.   New York: City and State
File 62.   Ogden, Peter Skene
File 63.   Oregon Agriculture
File 64.   Oregon Trail
File 65.   Oregon Trail: Maps
File 66.   Oregon and other trails in Idaho

File 67.   Persons: French Canadians
File 68.   Persons: Listed by Years
File 69.   Persons: Census 1850-1940
File 70.   Persons: Census by the Years
File 70.5  Persons: Indexes

File 71.   Snake River and Snake River Canyon
File 72.   South Pass / Robert Stuart Route
File 73.   Spokane House, Location of
File 74.   Thompson, David: Chronological Index
File 75.   Thompson, David: Miscellaneous
File 76.   Thompson, David: Maps and Printed Materials

File 77.   Township Plats: Ashland Area and Southeast Oregon
File 78.   Township Plats: Baker Area
File 79.   Township Plats: Coast Region
File 80.   Township Plats: Cow Creek
File 81.   Township Plats: Eugene
File 82.   Township Plats: Willamette
File 83.   Township Plats: Umpqua River

File 84.   Treaties, British
File 85.   Treaties, Russian
File 86.   Treaties, Spanish
File 87.   Treaties, United States, Concerning Oregon

File 88.   Vancouver, Captain George
File 89.   Vancouver, Washington and Fort Vancouver
File 90.   Work, John

File 91.   Miscellaneous Subject File




FILE 1:  ASTORIA:  CORRESPONDENCE AND WRITINGS


The early history of Astoria, John Jacob Astor’s short-lived fur trading outpost near the mouth of the Columbia River, was one of J. Neilson Barry’s primary research interests.  He was particularly interested in determining the routes of travel of the overland Astorians (especially Wilson Price Hunt and Robert Stuart) and in ascertaining the names of all persons who worked at or visited Astoria, the names of those who stayed on in Oregon, and the names of ships that called there.  He began preparing an annotated edition of Washington Irving’s Astoria, but did not obtain the commitment of a publisher and never completed the project.  He did, however, publish an article, "Astorians Who Became Permanent Settlers" in the Washington Historical Quarterly in 1933.  Much of Barry’s correspondence and research material on Astoria and Astorians is gathered in Files 1 through 8 (Folders 1 to 126).  There is additional material in the Miscellaneous Subject File under names of individuals; and bodies of other related materials in File 33 (Ross Cox), File 35 (Marie Dorion), File 72 (South Pass / Robert Stuart), and elsewhere in the collection. Portions of Barry’s Astoria files were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s


Box 10

Folder   1     List of Barry’s booklets on various Astorian topics
Folder   2     Astoria Bibliography
Folder   3     Research correspondence: Miscellaneous, 1924-1960
Folder   4     Research correspondence: Original Astoria journal, 1927-1954
Folder   5     Summary  by JNB
Folder   6     Writings: The Dream That Came True
Folder   7     Writings: Irving’s Astoria, Annotations by Barry: Chapters 1-4
Folder   8     Writings: Irving’s Astoria, Annotations by Barry: Indian chapter
Folder   9     Writings: Irving’s Astoria, Annotations by Barry: Indians: References
Folder 10    Writings: Irving’s Astoria: Correspondence, 1911-1935
Folder 11    Writings: Irving’s Astoria: Notes on criticism
Folder 12    Writings: Review of John Jacob Astor, Landlord of New York (Smith)
Folder 13    Miscellaneous notes




FILE 2:  ASTORIA:  COMPILATIONS


Included in this File are Barry’s notebooks recording events at Astoria chronologically (Folders 14 to 20), an index of places associated with Astoria and Astorians (Folder 21), and other compilations.


Box 10 

Folder 14    Arrivals and Departures, 1811‑1814
Folder 15    Chronology
Folder 16    Astoria, 1811
Folder 17    Astoria, 1812
Folder 18    Astoria, 1813
Folder 19    Astoria, 1814
Folder 20    Astoria, from April 4, 1814
Folder 21    Place Names, indexed
Folder 22    Names of persons
Folder 23    Names from British Admiralty
Folder 24    Number of Persons, Shares of Partners




FILE 3:   ASTORIA:  TOPICAL NOTES


Mainly notes and compiled bibliographical references on the persons and topics listed.


Box 10

Folder 25    Astor, John Jacob
Folder 26    Astor, John Jacob: Letters to Astor
Folder 27    Astor, John Jacob: "Pirate Gold," joke of Professor Herbert E. Bolton
Folder 28    Astor, John Jacob: Residence of John Jacob Astor
Folder 29    Ebbetts, Capt. John
Folder 30    Henry, Andrew
Folder 31    Jackson, Francis James, envoy from Great Britain
Folder 32    Mackenzie, Charles (North West Company) meets Lewis and Clark
Folder 33    McGillivray, Joseph
Folder 34    Thompson, David: Letter to Fraser, Dec. 21, 1810
Folder 35    Thorn, Capt. Jonathan
Folder 36    Mackinaw Company
Folder 37    Missouri Fur Company
Folder 38    North West Company, persons
Folder 39    North West Company, officers and men, 1804
Folder 40    North West Company, bibliography
Folder 41    North West Company, miscellaneous
Folder 42    North West Company, notes on persons
Folder 43    Pacific Fur Company: Incorporation
Folder 44    Pacific Fur Company: Sale of Astoria
Folder 45    British Columbia, explorations
Folder 46    British Government
Folder 47    Northwest agreement
Folder 48    Russia
Folder 49    U.S. Government




FILE 4:   ASTORIA:  WILSON PRICE HUNT


Barry sought to trace the route of Wilson Price Hunt’s disaster-plagued overland expedition from St. Louis to Astoria.  Correspondents include B.W. Driggs, Howard B. Lott, A.C. McCain, and Louie W. Shevling.  See also File 71 (Snake River and Snake River Canyon), the Miscellaneous Subject File folder on Donald McKenzie (Folder 978), and Map Folder 1302.


Box 10

Folder 50    Hunt party
Folder 51    McKenzie route through Idaho, 1811: Research correspondence: 1936-1937
Folder 52    Hunt's route:  South Dakota, Wyoming.  Maps, Notes
Folder 53    Hunt's route, 1811.  Maps, Notes
Folder 54    Pages clipped from Astoria for annotation, first state annotated
Folder 55    Research correspondence, 1923-1933
Folder 56    Research correspondence, 1938-1953




FILE 5:   ASTORIA: MAPS


Mostly maps drawn by Barry himself.  See also Miscellaneous Subject File, Folder 669, for township maps; Folder 939 in the Miscellaneous Subject File (Lapie Map), and Folder 1328 in the Maps (Group IV) for a town plan.


Box 11

Folder 57    Worksheet maps of Columbia and Snake River
Folder 58    Hand-drawn maps
Folder 59    Hand‑drawn maps, Astorian overland route (Wilson Price Hunt)
Folder 60    Three‑sheet worksheet map of Fort Boise
Folder 61    Route of Overland expedition to Astoria
Folder 62    Unidentified map/sketches
Folder 63    Lake Biddle




FILE 6:   ASTORIA: PERSONS


J.  Neilson Barry compiled these folders (arranged alphabetically by last name) with references to and information concerning persons who lived, worked, or visited Astoria.   Data on Astorians who remained in Oregon was used as source material for his article, "Astorians Who Became Permanent Settlers" (Washington Historical Quarterly, 1933).    The names of Astorians should also be checked against the compilations in Files 67 through 70.5 (Persons) and names of persons in the Miscellaneous Subject File.


Box 11

Folder 64    A‑B
Folder 65    C‑D; Dorions
Folder 66    E‑F
Folder 67    H‑K
Folder 68    L
Folder 69    Mc‑M
Folder 70    N, O, P
Folder 71    Q, R, S; Ramsay, George
Folder 72    T
Folder 73    V, W; Wallace Journal; XYZ
Folder 74    Wallace Journal: Research correspondence, 1927-1928
Folder 75    Correspondence with Kenneth W. Porter, 1933
Folder 76    Porter article, Editorial revisions




FILE 7:   ASTORIA:  POST AND FORTS


Research material and references to outposts of Astoria.


Box 11

Folder 77    Coeur d'Alene
Folder 78    Flathead Fort
Folder 79    Henry Fort
Folder 80    McKenzie Post
Folder 81    Oak Point Fishing Station (Winship brothers)
Folder 82    Fort Okanogan
Folder 83    Fort Okanogan: Research correspondence, 1947-1954
                            Correspondents include Burt R. Campbell and John C. Goodfellow
Folder 84    Reed's Post on the Boise
Folder 85    Reed's Post: Maps
Folder 86    Reed Party
Folder 87    Spokane
Folder 88    Shuwap
Folder 89    Wallace house, 1812‑1813
Folder 90    Wallace house: Research correspondence, 1924-1960
Folder 91    North West Co. Willamette Post: Articles by R. J. Hendricks, 1937
Folder 92    North West Co. Willamette Post: Historical marker controversy, 1959
Folder 93    Fort Willamette




FILE 8:   ASTORIA:  SHIPS


See also the folders on Ships in the Miscellaneous Subject File (Folders 1115-1127).  E.W. Giesecke cited Barry's research in his series of articles, "Search for the Tonquin," in Cumtux(1990).  His articles and other notes have been added to the collection (Folders 122 and 123).


Box 11

Folder 94      Ships connected with struggle for Astoria.  
Folder 95      USS Adams / USS John Adams
Folder 96      Albatros
Folder 97      Alert
Folder 98      Beaver
Folder 99      HMS Cherub
Folder 100    Schooner Columbia
Folder 101    USS Constitution
Folder 102    Dolly Jane
Folder 103    Enterprise
Folder 104    USS Essex
Folder 105    Forrester
Folder 106    Hamilton
Folder 107    Isaac Todd
Folder 108    The Lark
Folder 109    HMS Laurel
Folder 110    New Hazard
Folder 111    Otter


Box 12

Folder 112    Pedler
Folder 113    HMS Phoebe
Folder 114    HMS Raccoon
Folder 115    HMS Raccoon: Research correspondence: 1929
Folder 116    Spanish Corvette, Santa Barbara
Folder 117    Small schooner purchased at Sandwich Islands
Folder 118    Spanish Frigate, Tagle
Folder 119    Tonquin
Folder 120    Tonquin, 1810‑1811
Folder 121    Tonquin: Research correspondence, 1929-1960
Folder 122    Tonquin: The Search for the Tonquin, by E.W. Giesecke, 1990
Folder 123    Tonquin: Notes by E.W. Giesecke, with tribute to Barry, 1997
Folder 124    Trading vessel at Astoria, 1813
Folder 125    British war vessel
Folder 126    Whaler




FILE 9:   BARLOW ROAD (AND OTHER EMIGRANT ROADS)


In 1846, Sam Barlow obtained a charter allowing him to cut a toll road from Tygh Valley, Oregon, to the Willamette Valley, enabling westbound pioneers to leave the Columbia River at The Dalles and avoid both the rapids and ferry charges.  Over its many years of operation, there were many course variations.  Barry traced much of the route on hand-drawn township maps, and was interested in other cross-country routes from the Columbia to the Willamette.  The file includes several letters (1941-1942) from W.J. Williams, who was particularly interested in the descent on the steep grade of Laurel Hill.  For information on other emigrant trails in Oregon, see the folders on Trails, Roads, and Routes (Folders 1169-1177) in theMiscellaneous Subject file.


Box 12

Folder 127    Barlow Road Map
Folder 128    Plats of the Barlow Road
Folder 129    Laurel Hill: Research correspondence, 1941-1942
Folder 130    Sandy River plat
Folder 131    Township plats, T1N, Ranges East
Folder 132    Township plats, T1S, Ranges East
Folder 133    Township plats, T2S, Ranges East
Folder 134    Towhship plats, T3S, Ranges East
Folder 135    Township plats, T4S, Ranges East
Folder 136    Township plats, T4S, Des Chutes Region
Folder 137    Township plats, T5S, Des Chutes Region
Folder 138    Township plats, T5S, Ranges East
Folder 139    Township plats, T6S, R12E




FILE 10:   BATTLES


Folders 140 and 143 contain extensive lists of battles and other fights between Indians and whites, mainly in Oregon.  Folder 141 includes letters (1926) from W.P. Gray, captain of the steamer Spokane, with his recollections of the fighting involving his ship in 1878.  Gray’s obituary is in Folder 867 in the Miscellaneous Subject File.  Portions of  File 10 were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s.  Notes on forts in Washington are found in File 40, Forts: State of Washington.


Box 12

Folder 140    Battles in the Pacific Northwest (Oregon, Washington, Idaho): Lists
Folder 141    Bannock‑Paiute War (and Steamer Spokane), 1878
Folder 142    Battle of Evans Creek, August 24, 1853
Folder 143    Forts and battles in Oregon, by county: Lists
Folder 144    Forts and battles in Oregon: Camp Watson: Correspondence, 1924-1926
                            Correspondents include Mrs. D.H. Putnam
Folder 145    Data from Heitman's Historical Register and Dictionary of the U.S. Army
Folder 146    Indian Wars.  Accounts and  reminiscences
Folder 147    Modoc War
Folder 148    Nez Perce War
Folder 149    Miscellaneous notes and articles. Includes Index of Battles




FILE 11:   BOISE, OLD FORT, AND REED FORT LOCATIONS


These folders pertain to Barry’s interest in the precise locations of the successive fur-trading posts at the mouth of the Boise River established by John Reed, Donald McKenzie, and Hudson’s Bay Company.  By Barry’s time, the main channel of the river had shifted considerably, relocating the river’s mouth and complicating his search.  He corresponded with historian Annie Laurie Bird and other local people in attempting to locate the path of the original channel, and prepared a number of hand-drawn maps.  Some of the letters by Barry in these files are photocopies (apparently made many years ago) of his originals letters sent to personnel of the Idaho State Historical Society.  Additional correspondence about this topic is found in the correspondence with Eugene B. Chaffee (Box 9, Folder 6); oversize maps are located in Maps, Folder 1303.


Box 12

Folder 150    Research correspondence, 1933-1941
Folder 151    Location of the Reed Forts and Boise Forts by JNB
Folder 152    Fort Boise
Folder 153    "Fort Boise," by Annie Laurie Bird
Folder 154    Fort Boise, by Eugene B. Chaffee, Idaho Statesman.  August 26, 1934
Folder 155    Summary of locations of Reed, McKenzie, McKay post on the  Boise or near it
Folder 156    Fort Boise locations/maps and notes
Folder 157    Miscellaneous booklet of maps, notes, photostats




FILE 12:  BONNEVILLE, CAPTAIN


This file contains more than 100 letters to and from Barry chronicling his interest in Captain Benjamin Bonneville’s explorations in the Pacific Northwest, 1832-1834, and the identification of places mentioned in Bonneville’s 18-page handwritten report of July 1833, particularly places in Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon.  Barry was instrumental in unearthing and publicizing the 1833 report (found in War Department files).  He prepared an annotated typescript (File 161) from photostats he obtained from the War Department.   The Washington Historical Quarterly published a transcript from Barry’s photostats in July 1927, though he was critical of that work for its lack of annotations.  Among Barry’s correspondents in these files are B.W. Driggs, Philip Rand, and W.A. Ricks (Idaho) and Grace Raymond Hebard (Wyoming).  Additional letters about Bonneville are located in Folder 1213, Wallowa region, in theMiscellaneous Subject File.


Box 13

Folder 158    Research correspondence: 1925-1927
Folder 159    Research correspondence: 1928-1939
Folder 160    Correspondence pertaining to Bonneville in booklet form
Folder 161    Bonneville’s Report, transcribed and annotated by Barry
Folder 162    Bonneville's itinerary
Folder 163    Maps
Folder 164    Winter Cantonment, 1832
Folder 165    Article by Washington Irving, "The Adventure of Captain Bonneville..."
Folder 166    Article by G. K. Warren, containing letters from Bonneville




FILE 13:   BOUNDARIES, INTERNATIONAL


Barry traced the claims over time of European powers and the United States to the territory of the Pacific Northwest, making note of developments, chronologically, in a series of notebooks (in Folders 170-171). The file includes some sketch maps but no correspondence.  Much related material is found in Files 84 to 87 (Treaties).  See also Miscellaneous Subject File for folders on Colorado, Map of (Folder 795) and Northwest Boundary (Folder 1013).


Box 13

Folder 167    Spanish exploration and treaties
Folder 168    Russia on the Northwest coast: Northwest boundaries
Folder 169    Russians and French on Northwest coast
Folder 170    Boundary, 1801‑1820
Folder 171    Boundary, 1824‑1840
Folder 172    Notebook of photostats (U.S documents, 1873) pertaining to the Oregon boundary
Folder 173    Article: 54 40 or Fight, by Paterson
Folder 174    Notes on article: The Oregon Treaty of 1846, by Sage




FILE 14:   CANADA: BRITISH COLUMBIA


See also Miscellaneous Subject File for Simon Fraser and Fraser River (Folders 845 and 846).


Box 14

Folder 175    Correspondence, Miscellaneous: 1926-1954
Folder 176    British Columbia
Folder 177    Coastal Indian Tribes
Folder 178    Interior Indian Tribes
Folder 179    Morice, A.G.: Notes and correspondence
Folder 180    Victoria's Oldest House




FILE 15:   CANADA:  HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY


he material in this file concentrates on the Hudson’s Bay company’s activities and personnel in what became the American Pacific Northwest.  See also Maps, Folder 1305.


Box 13

Folder 181   Hudson’s Bay Company
Folder 182   Proof sheets from Hunter Miller on settlement of  HBC claims (Treaty Series 128, Document 240)
Folder 183   Correspondence with Hunter Miller  [See also File 87, Treaties Concerning Oregon]
Folder 184   Employees, 1829‑1832, 1840‑1843: Lists
Folder 185   License to trade
Folder 186   Minutes of Council, 1830‑1843 (1834‑1838 omitted): extract notes by Barry
Folder 187   Posts and forts:  Fort Umpqua (Oregon): Correspondence, 1948-1949
                            Correspondents include E.O. Fuller and Hunter Miller
Folder 188   Value of Property
Folder 189   Miscellaneous articles clipped from Beaver, Canadian Historical Review, etc., dealing with the 
                       activities of the Hudson’s Bay Company
Folder 190   Miscellaneous Articles II
Folder 191   Miscellaneous Articles III




FILE 16:   CANADA:  MAPS AND LIST OF FORTS


These files contains hand-drawn and commercial maps, as well as Barry’s notes, about posts, forts, and routes of fur traders, in Canada, particularly British Columbia.


Box 14

Folder 192    Athabasca Pass
Folder 193    Map lists, British Columbia
Folder 194    British Columbia, Hudson's Bay Company:  Routes of travel, trails, etc.  Hand‑drawn maps and notes 
Folder 195    Maps showing Hudson’s Bay Company fur trading posts
Folder 196    Forts in Canada: lists
Folder 197    The Grand Portage
Folder 198    Routes of travel: Maps
Folder 199    Jasper National Park (Athabasca Pass)
Folder 200    The Route to Montreal




FILE 17:   CASCADES


Barry was interested in the natural history of the Cascades of the Columbia River and the Indian legends of the Bridge of the Gods, as well as the military history of the vicinity, particularly the battle there in 1856.  Barry mixed his notes in some of his booklets, so some of these folders contain notes on aspects of the Cascades not indicated by the folder titles.  Folder 209 contains a printed prospectus for building the 1926 steel Bridge of the Gods (also found in Folder 288).  Correspondents in the Sheridan Point file (Folder 208) include D.A. Brown, who wrote about the restored Fort Rains there as well as other Columbia River blockhouses.  More notes and letters about the Cascades are in File 29 (Columbia River: Drowned Forest).


Box 14

Folder 201    Bridge of the Gods: Correspondence, 1929-1937
Folder 202    The Bridge of the Gods on the Columbia River, by J.N.B.
Folder 203    Battle at the Cascades, March 26‑28, 1856.  Notes and correspondence
Folder 204    Bibliography, Cascades.  1849
Folder 205    Cascades Cemetery
Folder 206    Fort Gilliam
Folder 207    Massacre at Cascades, 1856
Folder 208    Sheridan Point
Folder 209    Clippings and Bridge of the Gods prospectus




FILE 18:   CHAMPOEG I


In 1936, J. Neilson Barry published a series of articles in the Capital Journal (Salem, Oregon), entitled “How Oregon Was Acquired: An Expose of the Champoeg Myth.”   In particular, he wished to debunk a popular notion that Oregon became part of the United States by a vote of its early settlers at Champoeg on May 2, 1843.  He believed that the importance of the May 2 meeting was exaggerated in other respects, too, including the claim that it represented the beginnings of civil government in Oregon.  These files reflect his continuing research on what exactly took place at various meetings at Champoeg, who was there, the wording of monuments and signage at Champoeg State Park, and the broader question of the origins of civil government by the American settlers in Oregon.  See also the folders on Ewing Young’s estate (Folders 1264-1267) in the Miscellaneous Subject file.  Portions of Barry’s Champoeg files were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s. 


Box 14

Folder 210    Correspondence, 1925-1937
Folder 211    Correspondence, 1938-1939
Folder 212    Correspondence, 1940-1944
Folder 213    Correspondence, 1948-1960
Folder 214    Articles: How Oregon Was Acquired, by JNB
Folder 215    Articles: Champoeg Humbugs and other summations by JNB
Folder 216    Articles: Champoeg Meeting of March 4, 1844, by JNB
Folder 217    Articles: First Local Government in Oregon, 1841, by JNB
Folder 218    Articles: Primary Sources to Early Government, by JNB 
Folder 219    Champoeg address by Rex Putnam, 1939, with correspondence
Folder 220    McNary bill
Folder 221    Champoeg Park, Museum: State Legislation
Folder 222    Report on Champoeg by Charles Hicks, 1937
Folder 223    An Evaluation of the Champoeg Meeting, by Robert W. Rowe, 1950
Folder 224    Clippings and notes regarding civil government in Oregon
Folder 225    Article reprints from the Oregon Historical Quarterly
Folder 226    Notes: Alcaldes, Local government in Jackson County
Folder 227    Notes on laws
Folder 228    Pioneers: Miscellaneous notes on persons
Folder 229    Provisional Government: Notes and Articles
Folder 230    Provisional Government: Notes and lists of names
Folder 231   Civil Government.  Notes and synopses




FILE 19:   CHAMPOEG II: MAPS AND PLATS


J. Neilson Barry made a detailed study of early land ownership and donation claims in the Champoeg vicinity.  He created detailed hand-drawn maps of the townships and sections, noting early ownership and the presence of structures such as barns, houses, etc.  See also Maps, Folder 1306.


Box 15

Folder 232    Champoeg locality
Folder 233    Township 3 South, Ranges 1 West and 2 West
Folder 234    Township 4 South, Ranges 1, 2, 3, and 4 West, 1 East
Folder 235    Land Donation claims (Ady, Billique, Despard, La Framboise, Langtain, Lucier, Newell)
Folder 236    Plats of Champoeg village
Folder 237    Newberg, Campment Du Sable (mainly notes)




FILE 20:   CHAMPOEG III:  SOURCE DOCUMENTS


Chiefly photostats of primary source documents Barry used in his research and prepared for duplication and distribution. For maps of Champoeg Park, see Maps, Folder 1306.


Box 15

Folder 238     Persons by name, A‑Ma
Folder 239     Persons by name, John McLoughlin
Folder 240     Persons by name, N‑Z
Folder 241    Champoeg Park: Legislative appropriations
Folder 242    Champoeg Park: Conclusions, with evaluation of site, by C.R. Hicks, 1937
Folder 243    Champoeg Park: Miscellaneous documents
Folder 244    Champoeg Park: Memorial inscription (Maud Mattley, DAR)
Folder 245    Champoeg.  Poem by Jeanette Green
Folder 246    Parrish, J.L.  Oregon anecdotes
Folder 247    French petition or "addresse"
Folder 248    Executive Documents, U.S. Congress, 1872‑73
Folder 249    Names of persons who voted...
Folder 250    Souvenir of the 80th Anniversary of the Organization of the First American Civil Government West of
                        the Rocky Mountains….




FILE 21:   CHRONOLOGY OF OREGON


Notations, year by year, on important events in Oregon, with bibliographical references.


Box 15

251  Chronology, 1500 to1829
252  Chronology, 1830 to1879




FILE 22:   CLATSOP BEACH


[moved to File 56, Lewis and Clark on Lower Columbia, Folder 501]




FILE 23:   COLTER, JOHN


John Colter, one of the members of the Lewis and Clark expedition, returned to the Rocky Mountains as a trapper after the conclusion of the expedition in 1806.  On William Clark’s 1814 map, Clark added the route of Colter’s travels in 1807.  The anomalies and inaccuracies of that map have given rise to questions about Colter’s actual route, however.  Barry pursued the problem, analyzing the information and trying to sort out the verifiable geographic locales from the disputable ones.  He also investigated the 1933 discovery of a stone in eastern Idaho with an inscription allegedly by John Colter.  More information on the latter is also found in File 39, Fort Henry / Carved Stones.  Correspondents include Merrill D. Beal, Carl E. Jepson, Roy A. Phillips, John E. Price, and Howard R. Stagner.  See also Maps, Folder 1307.


Box 15

Folder 253    Research correspondence, 1929-1937
Folder 254    Research correspondence, 1938-1946
Folder 255    Research correspondence, 1947-1954
Folder 256    Notes and problems on John Colter: Barry’s summation
Folder 257    Bradbury and others on Colter
Folder 258    1814 Colter Map
Folder 259    Colter Stone
Folder 260    Miscellaneous notes, maps, and printed material
Folder 261    Newspaper account of opposition to  Jackson Hole National Monument Proposal
Folder 262    Cody / Big Horn promotional materials




FILE 24:   COLTER, JOHN: MAPS


Box 15

Folder 263    JNB’s notes and miscellaneous  writings
Folder 264    Tracings of Maps
Folder 265    Barry's Worksheets for drawing maps (1)


Box 16

Folder 266    Barry's Worksheets for drawing maps (2)




FILE 25:   COLTER, JOHN:  OLD MAPS


Box 16

Folder 267    Miscellaneous file of Mr. Barry's earlier attempts to map Colter's route
Folder 268    Miscellaneous file of Mr. Barry's earlier attempts to map Colter's route




FILE 26:  COLUMBIA RIVER: LT. BROUGHTON


One of Barry’s primary historical interests was the identification of places named by early explorers of the Columbia River.  He sought to restore the names those explorers gave to those places and, in pursuit of that goal, conducted an active correspondence with the U.S. Board of Geographic Names.   File 26 centers around the exploration by Lieutenant William Broughton of the Royal Navy, who in 1792, during Vancouver’s voyage to the Northwest coast, entered the river and charted it as far as a point he named Point Vancouver.  There is information about Barry’s attempts to identify Broughton’s Point Vancouver both in this file and File 32, Columbia River: Point Vancouver.  This file also documents Barry’s efforts to memorialize Broughton.   Correspondents include Broughton's grandson Bertram R. Mitford (Folder 271).  See also File 88 on Captain George Vancouver, and Folder 749 in theMiscellaneous subject files on Edward Bell and the search for his journal, which also relate to Broughton’s Columbia River explorations.  A photostat of Broughton's chart of the river is in Folder 1308, Maps.


Box 16

Folder 269     Research Correspondence: 1926-1928
Folder 270     Research Correspondence: 1929
Folder 271     Research Correspondence: 1930-1951
Folder 272     Correspondence notebook: 1928
Folder 273     Depth of water and Patton report
Folder 274     Broughton’s filed notes and observation angles
Folder 275     Broughton’s journal: Correspondence, 1929
Folder 276     Broughton Bluff: Correspondence, 1926
Folder 277     Flag Island: Correspondence, 1929
Folder 278     Friendly Reach / Vancouver expedition
Folder 279     Broughton’s Point Possession
Folder 280     Belle Vue Point
Folder 281     Belle Vue Point: Correspondence, 1926-1933
                                Correspondents include H.G. Halkett of Willamette River Light Station
Folder 282     Broughton map and exploration
Folder 283     Broughton and Point Vancouver: Maps




FILE 27:   COLUMBIA RIVER II


Barry’s concise summation of Broughton’s exploration of the river, extracted from Vancouver’s Voyage of Discovery and Edward Bell’s journal. 


Box 16

Folder 284   First Exploration of the Columbia River




FILE 28:   COLUMBIA RIVER III


These folders contain notes and correspondence about the Columbia River, chiefly (but not exclusively) about physical aspects of the river.  His short essay, “The Unanswered Question” (Folder 300), addresses the extent of the river; i.e. whether the salt waters of the lower Columbia can properly be considered part of the river at all, or whether they are really an inlet of the ocean; a question that has bearing on who should be credited with discovering the river: Heceta, Gray, or Broughton.  The question is also explored in Barry’s file of correspondence with the Canadian Geographic Journal and Royal Geographical Society (Folder 287).  More information about this can be found in File 43 (Heceta); and Folders 864-865 in the Miscellaneous Subject file on Captain Robert Gray.  See also Maps, Folder 1309.


Box 16

Folder 285   Research Correspondence: 1923-1933
Folder 286   Research Correspondence: 1939-1959
Folder 287   Correspondence with Canadian Geographical Journal and Royal Geographical Society: 1930-1933
Folder 288   Correspondence with Lewis R. Williams: 1930
Folder 289   Bridge of Gods (Steel bridge prospectus)
Folder 290   Explorations of the Columbia and Snake Rivers
Folder 291   High Water Stages
Folder 292   Columbia River in Washington
Folder 293   Naming of Columbia River and British Columbia, by Basil G. Hamilton
Folder 294   Navigation, Columbia Bar
Folder 295   Columbia River maps by JNB
Folder 296   Columbia River maps by JNB
Folder 297   Picture maps of the Columbia
Folder 298   Reed Island
Folder 299   Salinity of Water
Folder 300   The Unanswered Question 




FILE 29:   COLUMBIA RIVER IV:  DROWNED FOREST


The notes and correspondence in these folders pertain primarily to the drowned (or submerged) forest in the Columbia River, above the Cascade rapids, whose snags protruding above the water were noted by early travelers during periods of low water.


Box 17

Folder 301    Research correspondence, 1934-1937
Folder 302    Cascades, Bridge of the Gods, and Submerged Forest: Notes and charts
Folder 303    Statements of early travelers (extracts)
Folder 304    Statements of early travelers (extracts)
Folder 305    References
Folder 306    Drowned Forest: Photo and ms. map
Folder 307    Submerged Forest of the Columbia River Gorge, by D. B. Lawrence (1936)




FILE 30:   COLUMBIA RIVER V


Folder 308    "Columbia River and Minor Tributaries" (1933)  [Removed and cataloged]




FILE 31:   COLUMBIA RIVER VI:  COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE AND HIGHWAY


Box 17

Folder 309    Columbia River Gorge and Mt. Hood, by R. J. Grace (Union Pacific Railroad)
Folder 310    Columbia River Gorge, from an open observation car (Union Pacific Railroad)
Folder 311    Pamphlets about Columbia River Highway
Folder 312    Travelers in the Columbia River Gorge, by year, 1792‑1834




FILE 32:   COLUMBIA RIVER VII:  POINT VANCOUVER


This file, consisting chiefly of correspondence, documents Barry’s efforts to identify the site along the river that Lt. Broughton named Point Vancouver in 1792.  Barry’s correspondence extended to the British Admiralty Office, from whom he obtained a photostat of Broughton’s chart of the Columbia, confirming the conclusions he had made in 1928 from his comparison of Broughton’s narrative and astronomical observations (recorded in Vancouver’s Voyage of Discovery) to modern charts and maps, his own site visits, and consultations with river experts.  An article summarizing Barry’s work was published in the Portland Oregonian on January 1, 1933 (Folder 318).  Barry also sought recognition of the site by the U.S. Board of Geographic Names, a task complicated by an earlier identification of  Broughton’s Point Vancouver as Cottonwood Point.  Correspondents include historian T.C. Elliott, Fred C. Schubert of the Army Corps of Engineers (Portland), and Captain R.S. Patton, Director of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, whose investigation and report convinced the U.S. Board of Geographic Names to accept Barry's location.. Additional information about the identification of Point Vancouver is also found in File 26, Columbia River: Lt. Broughton.  A copy of the Patton report is found there, in Folder 273.  A photostat of Broughton's chart is located in Maps, Folder 1308.


Box 17

Folder 313    Point Vancouver: Notes
Folder 314    Correspondence notebook: 1926-1929
Folder 315    Correspondence, Chronological: 1926-1929
Folder 316    Correspondence, Chronological: 1930
Folder 317    Correspondence, Chronological: 1930-1939
Folder 318    Newspaper article, “Point Vancouver Location Settled” (1933)
Folder 319    Names on Broughton's map
Folder 320    Notes regarding the name Point Vancouver
Folder 321    Cottonwood Point




FILE 33:   COX, ROSS


Barry was interested in tracing the “lost wanderings” of the Astorian Ross Cox in what is now eastern Washington in August 1812.  Among his correspondents was Otto Wollweber, of Reardan, Washington, who was familiar with many of the old trails.  Barry’s annotated copy of Cox’s Adventures on the Columbia River (1831) is located in the Special Collections Department.  A map by Barry of Cox's wanderings is in Folder 1310, Maps.


Box 17 

Folder 322    Research correspondence: 1933-1956
Folder 323    Names, summary draft
Folder 324    Judge Carey's notes on Ross Cox
Folder 325    Summary (4th) of Cox’s Adventures on the Columbia River
Folder 326    Lost Wanderings: Draft maps




FILE 34:   DAY, JOHN


One of the last controversies Barry entered into concerned the alleged burial site of the Astorian John Day and the question whether or not he was a veteran of the Revolutionary War.  In 1953, the Daughters and Sons of the American Revolution recognized a traditional gravesite on Birch Creek, Clark County, Idaho, as the place, and had it marked accordingly.  Almost immediately that was challenged, and eventually the Sons of the American Revolution asked that the marker be taken down.  Much of the controversy hinged on whether Birch Creek or some other stream was the one known in the 19th century as John Day’s River.  Barry contributed to the investigations by supplying copies of historic maps of the vicinity showing that the Little Lost River, not Birch Creek, was that stream.  Barry’s correspondents include J.A. Harrington and E.C. Phoenix, both of whom questioned the Birch Creek site, as well as Ellen Fourt, J.R. Gobble, Lula H. Lough, and Marion C. Orr.  See also File 38 on the Ferris Map and Folder 1311, Maps.


Box 17

Folder 327    Biographical notes
Folder 328    Marker and gravesite: Correspondence, 1953
Folder 329    Marker and gravesite: Correspondence, 1953-1959
Folder 330    Notes regarding the John Day marker
Folder 331    Sons of the American Revolution report, 1957
Folder 332    Notes, Birch Creek massacre, 1877 (Nez Perce War)
Folder 333    Maps: Kittson, 1825
Folder 334    Maps: Bonneville, 1837
Folder 335    Maps: Arrowsmith, 1837-1844
Folder 336    Maps:  Mullan, 1853
Folder 337    Maps:  Compilations / Idaho's Queer Basin




FILE 35:   DORION FAMILY


The travails and heroic survival of Marie Dorion, the only female member of the Wilson Price Hunt party, were related by Washington Irving, Ross Cox, and other early chroniclers of the West, but the details of her life story and whereabouts afterwards remained as obscure as Sacajawea’s until J. Neilson Barry ferreted them out of church and civil records (from St. Louis to Oregon) and found elderly people who remembered her.  His findings were published in the Oregon Historical Quarterly in 1929 as “Madame Dorion of the Astorians.”   W.J. Ghent, who wrote Dorion’s entry in the Dictionary of American Biography, credited Barry with the breakthrough.  “My sketch for the Dictionary will be recalled and amended to accord with your discoveries. Fortunately the D’s have not yet been reached in the printing…I trust that you will keep me informed of any further discoveries you make” (June 11, 1929, in Folder 342).  The letters and notes in these folders document Barry’s research.  One of his principal informants was Isabel Bertrand, who not only remembered Madame Dorion but also recounted the history of her own family, the Aubichons, early settlers of the French Prairie vicinity on the Willamette (Folder 341). Other correspondents include Cleveland S. Simkins, a Dorion descendant, and Vera Joyce Nelson.


Box 18

Folder 338    Research correspondence: 1928-1929
Folder 339    Research correspondence: 1930-1953   PHOTO
Folder 340    Correspondence: Dictionary of American Biography: 1929-1930
Folder 341    Correspondence: With French Prairie, Old settlers: 1929-1932
Folder 342    Correspondence: Ghent, W.J.: 1929
Folder 343    Correspondence: Idaho: 1929-1935
Folder 344    Correspondence: Roman Catholic: 1929-1935
Folder 345    Correspondence: South Dakota: 1929  (including Doane Robinson)
Folder 346    Attempt to identify with Topaz
Folder 347    References to all Dorion names including index
Folder 348    Marie Dorion:  Church records and burial records
Folder 349    Marie Dorion:  Notes on family members, and marker in Caldwell, ID
Folder 350    Footnote to follow article "Madam Dorion" by JNB
Folder 351    Dorion family: Miscellaneous




FILE 36:   DISCOVERIES, MISCELLANEOUS


Box 18

Folder 352    Miscellaneous article offprints I
Folder 353    Miscellaneous article offprints II




FILE 37:   DOUGLAS, DAVID


Barry traced out and mapped Scottish botanist David Douglas’ travels in the Pacific Northwest, 1826-1827, through a close reading of his journal.


Box 18

Folder 354   Article by A. R. Sweeter
Folder 355   Journals 1825‑1827: Notes and extracts
Folder 356   Summary of journals




FILE 38:   FERRIS MAP


The map by fur trader Warren Angus Ferris was one of the keys disproving the alleged gravesite of John Day (see File 34, John Day).   Folder 359 contains Barry’s hand drawn worksheets tracing Ferris’ map and comparing it to modern maps. Correspondents include J. Cecil Alter and Fred Rosenstock.


Box 18

Folder 357   Correspondence: 1954
Folder 358   Journal: Extracts and notes
Folder 359   W. A. Ferris Map: Worksheets




FILE 39:   FORT HENRY / CARVED STONES


The notes and correspondence in these folders relate primarily to finding the site of Andrew Henry’s fort and trading post in the upper Snake River region of eastern Idaho, and to attempts to authenticate two stones allegedly inscribed by members of Henry’s party.    Correspondents include historians Merrill D. Beal, Charles Kelley, Susie Boice Trego, and F.A. Miller of St. Anthony, Idaho, owner of the two Fort Henry stones.  Barry studied the route and personnel of the 1871 Hayden survey of the Yellowstone region to determine if any members of that party could have left the stones; see File 42, Hayden Survey (Box 19, Folders 379 and 380) for those notes.  There is also information about a stone allegedly inscribed by John Colter in 1808, and one allegedly left by an early Hudson’s Bay Company party in Stevenson, Washington.  For information about stones allegedly carved by William Clark in 1805, see File 48, Lewis and Clark Expedition, Clark stones (Box 21, Folder 441).


Box 18

Folder 360     Correspondence: 1927-1955
Folder 361     Major Andrew Henry notes
Folder 362     Map of Henry's Fort
Folder 363     Idaho Carved Stones. Rubbings and photos (ca. 1933)   PHOTOS
Folder 364     Map of Fort Henry area
Folder 365     Carved stone at Stevenson, Washington: 1929, 1960




FILE 40:   FORTS:  STATE OF WASHINGTON


Miscellaneous materials about military forts and trading posts in early Washington.  Notes on forts in Oregon are found in File 10, Battles.


Box 19

Folder 366    Forts: Listing
Folder 367    Forts: A‑C
Folder 368    Forts: E-L
Folder 369    Forts: M, N, O
Folder 370    Forts: P-Z
Folder 371    Forts: Fort Bennett: 1934-1941
Folder 372    Forts: Fort Columbia: 1951-1954
Folder 373    Forts: Fort Colville: 1945-1949
Folder 374    Forts: Fort Okanogan: 1952-1960
Folder 375    Forts: Fort Walla Walla
Folder 376    Miscellaneous forts




FILE 41:   ROBERT FRAZER MAP


J. Neilson Barry worked to correlate the place names and geographic features on Robert Frazer’s map (1807) of Lewis and Clark’s explorations with modern maps.


Box 19

Folder 377   Barry’s manuscript maps and essays
Folder 378   Barry’s manuscript maps: working drafts




FILE 42:   HAYDEN SURVEY


Barry traced the route of the Hayden survey in the Yellowstone area, 1871.  One of his motivations to do this was his belief that at least one of the carved stones (“Al, the cook….”) found in eastern Idaho (File 39) might have been left by this survey team.  See also File 39 (Fort Henry / Carved Stones).


Box 19

Folder 379   Sidford Hamp diary, 1872 (reprint)
Folder 380   Notes by JNB




FILE 43:   HECETA, CAPTAIN BRUNO


Barry was interested in identifying the geographic features on Heceta’s chart of the mouth of the Columbia River (1775) and calculating the position of Heceta’s ship when he drew it.  He published a summary of his findings in the Portland Oregonian on September 20, 1931, maintaining that the chart should settle the dispute as to whether the mouth of the Columbia is actually an inlet of the ocean or a part of the river proper. Additional information may be found in File 28 (Columbia River III) and in his file of correspondence with the Canadian Geographic Journal (Box 16, Folder 287).  See also Maps, Folder 1314.


Box 19

Folder 381    Research correspondence:  1930-1938
Folder 382    Correspondence and notes
Folder 383    Heceta's River Chart, by JNB
Folder 384    Schooner Sonora




FILE 44:   INDIANS


This file consists chiefly of research correspondence, references to primary sources, and clippings, about Indians in Oregon and Washington.  Barry was particularly interested in sorting out the tribes and linguistic families in Washington (Folders 405 to 407), agricultural practices of Oregon and Washington Indians (Folder 386), and the sources of the iron and copper weapons the Indians of the Columbia possessed when first encountered by American and European explorers (Folder 388).  Among his correspondents on the latter topic were George G. Heye and Arthur A. Woodward, who wrote a long letter on the subject.  See Barry’s articles on the linguistic families of Washington and Oregon Indians (Box 6, Folders 19 and 20) and on copper weapons (Box 5, Folder 14).  See also File 14 (Canada: British Columbia) for Barry’s notes on British Columbia Indians; names of tribes in the Miscellaneous Subject file; and the folders on Pictographs (Folder 1048), Religious Observances in Oregon (Folder 1077), and Tobacco (Folders 1160 and 1161) in the Miscellaneous Subject File. There is a good deal of correspondence with Ellen Center, a Tillamook Indian, regarding Chief Kilchis, his ancestry and descendants in the Miscellaneous Subject File, Folder 1158 (Tillamook Indians).


Box 19

Folder 385     Indians (Lists of tribes and linguistic groups in Oregon and Washington)
Folder 386     Agriculture by Indians
Folder 387     Agriculture by Indians: Correspondence, 1928
Folder 388     Battle-axes and swords, Iron: Research correspondence, 1931-1949
Folder 389     Catholic missions: Correspondence, 1937-1954
Folder 390     Chiefs (alphabetically)
Folder 391     Diseases and medicine
Folder 392     Food
Folder 393     Index in Portland Library
Folder 394     Miscellaneous notes and clippings
Folder 395     Mounds
Folder 396     Maps:  Indians of Oregon Country, by R. L. Benson
Folder 397     Number of Indians
Folder 398     Bronze plaques of Indian chiefs (Museum of the American Indian)
Folder 399     Relics: Correspondence, 1924-1949
Folder 400     Spokane Princess, Jessie Jim: Clippings
Folder 401     Textiles
Folder 402     Chief Timothy: Clippings
Folder 403     Veterans of Indian Wars: Clippings
Folder 404     Indians in Washington
Folder 405     Indians in Washington and Oregon: Research correspondence, 1926-1958
                                Correspondents include H.C. Coe
Folder 406     The Seven Indian Nations of Washington, Notes by JNB
Folder 407     The Seven Indian Nations of Washington, Summation by JNB
Folder 408     Indian Words: Letters from Archibald F. Robertson, 1952
Folder 409     Nathaniel J. Wyeth's description, 1834
Folder 410     W. P. Clark. Indian Sign Language, 1885
Folder 411     George Bird Grinnell.  Cheyenne Indians..., 1924
Folder 412     Hopi Indian Reservation




FILE 45:   LA HONTAN, BARON


Most of the letters in the correspondence file (Folder 413) concern Barry’s attempts to determine if the Minnesota River, rather than the Missouri, was the “Long River” described by French explorer, the Baron de la Hontan, in the published version of this travels.  Correspondents include Louis D. Powers, of Ortonville, Minnesota, who was familiar with the local geography.  Barry was also interested in La Hontan’s descriptions of Indians and geography of the West.  See also Maps, Folder 1317.


Box 20

Folder 413    Research correspondence: 1950-1952
Folder 414    Bearded Indians
Folder 415    Earliest Description of Colorado Rockies
Folder 416    "The Murdered Map of La Hontan" (Essay by JNB)
Folder 417    Miscellaneous notes
Folder 418    New Voyages to North America
Folder 419    Miscellaneous articles
Folder 420    Worksheets for maps




FILE 46:   LEE, JASON


Barry was “not a great admirer of Jason Lee, as a missionary, a husband, or a man” (February 10, 1932).   He opposed the placement of a statue of Lee in the U.S. Capitol as well as the issuance of a postage stamp in his honor.  Barry studied the surveys of the U.S.-Canadian border and insisted Lee was born in Canada rather than in Vermont, and considered him a transient, not an Oregon settler eligible to represent the state on either a postage stamp or in Statuary Hall.  Correspondents in this file include Richard G. Montgomery, who proposed writing a novelized version of Lee’s life.


Box 20

Folder 421    Correspondence about Jason Lee: 1927-1952
Folder 422    Biography
Folder 423    Clippings
Folder 424    Notes / List of Protestant missionaries
Folder 425    Postage stamp, 1948
Folder 426    Printed booklets
Folder 427    Permanent settlers, 1834
Folder 428    Statue of Jason Lee, U.S. Capitol
Folder 429    General problems in research




FILE 47:   LEE, JASON:  OLD METHODIST MISSION


Barry conducted intensive research in land and survey records to pinpoint the location of Jason’s Lee’s mission building.  Portions of this file were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s.  See also Maps, Folder 1319.


Box 20

Folder 430    Mission site: Correspondence, 1940-1941
Folder 431    Plats by JNB
Folder 432    Township boundary and section lines
Folder 433    Meanders of the river
Folder 434    Donation land claims
Folder 435    R. J. Hendricks’ "Bits for Breakfast" 1940
Folder 436    "Old Mill‑‑Old Mission," by Oswald West
Folder 437    Resurvey, 1921




FILE 48:  LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION


J. Neilson Barry was interested in many aspects of the Lewis and Clark expedition besides their route of travel.  File 48 contains folders on a variety of topics.  The most extensive folder pertains to one of the expedition’s presentation medals owned by Mrs. Mary V. Lane, of Underwood, Washington (Folder 452).  Correspondents include Mrs. Lane and D.A. Brown.


Box 21

Folder 438     Miscellaneous correspondence: 1928-1959
Folder 439     Astronomical observations
Folder 440     Branding iron
Folder 441     Clark stones, 1805: Photos and rubbings   PHOTOS
Folder 442     Commemorations, 1945
Folder 443     Costume: Correspondence, 1935-1939
Folder 444     Costume: Notes
Folder 445     Dog belonging to Lewis
Folder 446     Frenchmen in Dakotas who joined expedition temporarily
Folder 447     Invoice of goods
Folder 448     Journal extracts: Gass and Whitehouse on Clearwater River
Folder 449     Journal extracts: Gass, Ordway, Whitehouse
Folder 450     Letter from Clark to General George Rogers Clark
Folder 451     Iron loop for dugouts found at Armstead, Montana
Folder 452     Medals: Correspondence, 1927-1940
Folder 453     Multnomah and Oregon Rivers
Folder 454     Names of persons
Folder 455     Names of places
Folder 456     Notes from Ordway’s journal
Folder 457     Notes from Thwaites
Folder 458     Passports
Folder 459     Published journals: Correspondence, 1949-1950
Folder 460     Rocky Mountain region of Mountana
Folder 461     Salt cairn, Seaside, Oregon
Folder 462     Shoshones mentioned Pacific Ocean
Folder 463     Spontoon
Folder 464     Cath‑la‑poh‑tle weapons, by JNB (article)
Folder 465     Weapons of Indians




FILE 49:   LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION: PATRICK GASS


Barry took detailed notes on the journal of Patrick Gass.  He corresponded with Donegan Wiggins and others about marking Gass’ grave in West Virginia, and with Rufus Rockwell Wilson (Press of the Pioneers) about publishing an annotated version of Gass’ journal.


Box 21

Folder 466     Gravesite and Journal: Correspondence, 1926-1935
Folder 467     Journal illustrations
Folder 468     Journal: Notes I
Folder 469     Journal: Notes II




FILE 50:   LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION: SACAJAWEA


Sacajawea was not a major research interest of Barry’s, but he did compile some notes regarding her name and her role with the Lewis and Clark expedition.  His thinking is summarized in a letter of January 22, 1949 (Folder 470) in which he calls Sacajawea “an interpreter…not a guide.”  Among his correspondents was Grace Raymond Hebard, who advanced the thesis that Sacajawea died at the Wind River reservation, Wyoming, in 1884.  Hebard supplied Barry with typescripts of some of the testimony she incorporated into the appendices of her book (1933), as well as some material not published.  Though Barry considered Miss Hebard an “amiable lady, highly esteemed,” he did not accept her theory and wrote at considerable length to refute it.


Box 21

Folder 470    Research correspondence: 1929-1953
Folder 471    Grace Raymond Hebard: Manuscript and correspondence, 1928-1931
Folder 472    Notes; Name; Maps
Folder 473    Miscellaneous articles




FILE 51:   LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION: EAST OF THE CONTINENTAL DIVIDE


Barry’s main interest in Lewis and Clark was tracing the course of their route back and forth across the continent and identifying the places they mentioned in their journals.  Files 51 through 57 contain his correspondence, notes, and hand-drawn maps toward that end.  Though he was interested in the entire Lewis and Clark trail, Barry’s most extensive research involved the land (as opposed to river) portions of the route, in what are now Montana, Wyoming, and especially Idaho.  He corresponded with local historians, surveyors, Forest Service personnel, and others familiar with the areas the expedition traversed.


Box 21

Folder 474    Saint Louis (1804) to Great Falls
Folder 475    Great Falls to Three Forks
Folder 476    Three Forks to Armstead, Montana
Folder 477    Three Forks to Big Hole Basin: Correspondence, 1935
                                Correspondents include George R. Metlen
Folder 478    Return, 1806
Folder 479    Return: Big Hole Basin (Clark, 1806)
Folder 480    Lewis battle, 1806
Folder 481    Thompson Creek
Folder 482    Yellowstone region (Clark, 1806)




FILE 52:   LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION: LEMHI REGION


Barry’s correspondents in File 52 include John N. Kinney, supervisor, Salmon National Forest. See also Albertsons Library's online exhibit, Plotting the Course of Lewis and Clark Through Idaho, which draws on this File.


Box 22

Folder 483    Lemhi region: Research correspondence: 1932-1955
Folder 484    Lemhi region: Original journals (extracts), August 1805
Folder 485    Lemhi region: Notes
Folder 486    Lemhi region: Clark’s trip on Salmon River, August 1805
Folder 487    Lemhi region: Summary, August 1805




FILE 53:   LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION: LOLO TRAIL


Barry’s principal correspondents in this File are Elers Koch and Roy A. Phillips of the U.S. Forest Service. See also Albertsons Library's online exhibit, Plotting the Course of Lewis and Clark Through Idaho, which draws on this File.


Box 22

Folder 488    Lolo Trail: Research correspondence, 1932-1958
Folder 489    Lolo Trail: Hungry Creek to Koose Kee River
Folder 490    Lolo Trail: Journals
Folder 491    Lolo Trail: Plat of courses on ridge
Folder 492    Lolo Trail: Notes on route from Hungry Creek to Weippe prairie
Folder 493    Lolo Trail: Eastward on the Lolo Trail: Journals
Folder 494    Lolo Trail: Patrick Gass, Notes
Folder 495    Lolo Trail: Maps




FILE 54:   LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION: CLEARWATER RIVER


See also Albertsons Library's online exhibit, Plotting the Course of Lewis and Clark Through Idaho, which draws on this File.


Box 22

Folder 496   On the Clearwater: Abstracts of journals, westward march, 1805
Folder 497   On the Clearwater: Abstracts of journals, eastward march, 1806
 




FILE 55:   LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION: ON THE SNAKE AND COLUMBIA RIVERS


Box 22

Folder 498    Lewiston to the Dalles
Folder 499    Cascades of the Columbia




FILE 56:   LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION: ON THE LOWER COLUMBIA


Box 22

Folder 500     Campsite of Clark: April 4, 1806 by JNB
Folder 501     Clatsop Beach [formerly File 22]
Folder 502     Fort Clatsop  
Folder 503     Journal of Sergeant John Ordway
Folder 504     Multnomah Indians with Maps and notes
Folder 505     Notes
Folder 506     Sandy River
Folder 507     Sauvie Island
Folder 508     Sighting the Pacific / Seaside, Oregon
Folder 509     St. Helen’s neighborhood
Folder 510     Vancouver and Washougal neighborhoods
Folder 511     Mouth of Columbia (6 maps)
Folder 512     Maps by JNB




FILE 57:   LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION: MAPS


In this File are notes and short essays about the various 19th century maps of the Lewis and Clark expedition, Barry’s correspondence about those maps, and some of his own hand-drawn maps.  See also Maps, Folders 1320a-1320h.


Box 23

Folder 513    Lewis and Clark in Idaho, Maps by JNB
Folder 514    Tracings, etc. by JNB
Folder 515    Herman Friis article, 1954
Folder 516    This number not used
Folder 517    Clark maps: Correspondence, 1926-1959
Folder 518    Clark’s manuscript map superimposed on a Montana map
Folder 519    Clark’s manuscript map (Yale): Tracings
Folder 520    Colter route on Clark manuscript map
Folder 521    Colter route on 1814 etching
Folder 522    Dalles map
Folder 523    Drouillard map of 1808
Folder 524    Drouillard map of 1808:  Correspondence, 1940-1951
Folder 525    Frazer map: Correspondence, 1954-1955
Folder 526    Frazer map
Folder 527    Kamiah map (made by Indians, of Hell’s Canyon)
Folder 528    Lewis map of 1806
Folder 529    Mandan Indian map
Folder 530    McVicar map
Folder 531    Misplacement of Continental Divide
Folder 532    Textbook maps showing route of journey




FILE 58:   LISA,  MANUEL


Moved to Miscellaneous Subject File, Folder 954 (Lisa, Manuel)




FILE 59:   MARIAS PASS


Barry was interested in the history of Marias Pass in northwestern Montana, particularly knowledge of it by traders, trappers, and explorers in the early 19th century.  The assertion that it was discovered in 1889 by John Frank Stevens, a surveyor-engineer for the Great Northern Railway, seemed unreasonable to him, so he searched for earlier references in journals and on early maps.  Correspondents include Ralph Budd, Lew L. Callaway, William Marriott Canby, L.J. Lownds, Paul C. Phillips, and H.M. Sims.


Box 23

Folder 533     Correspondence: 1929-1932
Folder 534     Correspondence: 1935-1952
Folder 535     Article on John Frank Stevens
Folder 536     Notes
Folder 537     Map of Marias Pass
Folder 538     Itinerary of James Doty, Pacific Railroad Reports (1854)
Folder 539     Manuscript maps by JNB




FILE 60:   MC LOUGHLIN, DOCTOR JOHN


In 1928, Barry campaigned to have the historic name McLoughlin Point restored to Ryan Point on the Columbia River, near Vancouver, Washington.  That proposal drew considerable opposition from locals who were used to the name Ryan Point.


Box 23

Folder 540    Doctor John McLoughlin: Notes
Folder 541    Doctor John McLoughlin: Family
Folder 542    Doctor John McLoughlin’s correspondence: Notes
Folder 543    McLoughlin Point chronology
Folder 544    McLoughlin Point: Correspondence, 1928




FILE 61:   NEW YORK:  CITY AND STATE


Barry’s notebook is subtitled “Indian Paths and Villages / Forts, etc. / Battlefields, etc.


Box 23

Folder 545   Miscellaneous notes and maps




FILE 62:   OGDEN, PETER SKENE


Barry studied the published journals of Peter Skene Ogden in an attempt to trace his travels in the West.  He also made note of persons mentioned in the journals (Folder 546), part of his broader effort to identify early Western inhabitants and sojourners who predated the influx of Oregon settlers in the 1840s.


Box 24

Folder 546    Early notes for 1824-1830: Names
Folder 547    Notes, Ogden's Snake Country, 1824‑1825
Folder 548    Notes, Ogden’s Snake Country, 1825‑1826
Folder 549    Notes on William Kittson
Folder 550    Note on Mrs. P. S. Ogden
Folder 551    Article by D.E. Miller, annotated by JNB




FILE 63:   OREGON AGRICULTURE


Bibliographic references and occasional clippings relating to agriculture in early Oregon.  See also Barry’s article on early Oregon agriculture (Box 5, Folder 1) and File 44, Indians, for folders on Indian agriculture.


Box 24

Folder 552    Notes on agriculture and settlers
Folder 553    Animals
Folder 554    Bees
Folder 555    Food
Folder 556    Mills
Folder 557    Willamette Valley agriculture




FILE 64:   OREGON TRAIL


These slim files contain miscellaneous correspondence and printed matter related to the Oregon Trail and historic commemorations associated with it in the 1920s.  See File 9 (Barlow Road), File 66 (Oregon Trail in Idaho), and File 72 (South Pass) for Barry's detailed research on segments of the trail.


Box 24

Folder 558    Articles and souvenir programs: 1912-1925
Folder 559    Correspondence, Miscellaneous
Folder 560    Correspondence, William G. Paden and Irene D. Paden: 1937-1944
Folder 561    Notes and correspondence on “The Oregon Trail” (WPA guide)
Folder 562    Oregon Trail commemorative coin: Congressional report, 1926
Folder 563    Localities mentioned by travelers
Folder 564    Old Oregon Trail (Motion Picture): Correspondence, 1930
Folder 565    Old Oregon Trail legislation, 1925
Folder 566    "Old Oregon Trail" pamphlets, 1922-1926




FILE 65:   OREGON TRAIL:  MAPS


These notes and hand-drawn maps come from Barry’s study of Oregon Trail maps published in The Crown Collection of American Maps, Series IV: The American Transcontinental Trails, by Archer Butler Hulbert.  He studied the course of the trail as outlined in the maps and redrew portions of particular interest to him in a larger scale on range and township grids.


Box 24

Folder 567    Crown maps: Wyoming
Folder 568    Crown maps:  Idaho
Folder 569    Crown maps: Oregon




FILE 66:   OREGON AND OTHER TRAILS IN IDAHO


Barry took extensive notes from Oregon Trail diaries. He paid particular attention to the mileages recorded by the diarists and correlated the geographical features they mentioned to modern place names.  See also File 11 on Old Fort Boise.


Box 24

Folder 570    Index to journals on the Oregon Trail in Idaho
Folder 571    Chronology
Folder 572    Summary, from ford of Boise River to Fort Boise
Folder 573    Diaries:  Excerpts, Notes
Folder 574    Diaries:  Excerpts, Notes




FILE 67:   PERSONS:  FRENCH CANADIANS


Notes and correspondence about early French Canadians in the Pacific Northwest.   Correspondents include Harriet D. Munnick.  See also the Miscellaneous Subject Files for folders on a number of individuals, filed alphabetically by name; File 6, Astoria: Persons; File 19 on Champoeg with maps of donation land claims; File 35 on the Dorion family; and Barry’s article, “The French Canadian Pioneers of the Willamette Valley” (Box 6, Folder 6 ).  Portions of File 67 were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s.


Box 24

Folder 575     French Canadians in the Willamette Valley: Research correspondence, 1932-1958
Folder 576     Canadian settlers (French speaking): Lists
Folder 577     Champoeg list
Folder 578     Donation Land Claims list
Folder 579     French  Canadian Pioneers of  Willamette Valley, by JNB (1932)
Folder 580     Frenchmen in Wyoming (Lists of names)
Folder 581     List of naturalized citizens, McMinnville, Oregon




FILE 68:   PERSONS:  LISTED BY YEARS


Lists of early settlers and others in the Pacific Northwest derived from primary sources.


Box 25

Folder 582    Astoria, permanent settlers
Folder 583    List of names east of Rockies, 1814 (Franchere)
Folder 584    Itineraries (of Western explorers) with names of persons
Folder 585    List of persons in Oregon country, 1807‑1829
Folder 586    List of settlers (English‑Speaking)  1830‑1843
Folder 587    Names mentioned by Alexander Henry, 1813‑1814
Folder 588    Roll of Honor Pioneers, 1843




FILE 69:   PERSONS: CENSUS 1850‑1940


Chiefly published statistical data.


Box 25

Folder 589    Population, notes (including first settlers of Willamette Valley)
Folder 590    Population Bulletins (U.S.) 1910‑1940
Folder 591    Population Bulletins (Oregon) 1910‑1940




FILE 70:   PERSONS:  CENSUS BY THE YEARS


Lists of names of early persons in the Oregon country, arranged by year.  See also the Miscellaneous Subject File for names of signatories on Petitions to Congress (Folder 1044) and names of persons in the estate papers of Ewing Young (Folder 1266).


Box 25

Folder 592    Barry's selection of terms for early persons in Oregon country
Folder 593    Settlers by years (Oregon census), 1833‑1842 (Names)
Folder 594    Census lists, 1833‑1846
Folder 595    Additional names after first compilation
Folder 596    Immigration, 1841, 1842
Folder 597    Census, French speaking, 1843
Folder 598    Census, English speaking, 1843
Folder 599    Women in the trek of 1843
Folder 600    Protestant missionaries, 1843
Folder 601    Pioneers of 1844
Folder 602    Immigration, 1845 and 1846 (incomplete)




FILE 70.5:   PERSONS: INDEXES


Compilations of bibliographic references to early settlers and others in the Pacific Northwest, arranged by last name.  Occasionally newspaper clippings about persons have been affixed to their bibliography page, as well.  Many of the persons are also represented by folders in the Miscellaneous Subject File and elsewhere within the collection.  (Until 2006, these index folders were filed at the beginning of their letters in the Miscellaneous Subject File).


Box 25 

Folder 603     A-B  (A is missing)
Folder 604     C
Folder 605     D
Folder 606     E-F  (F is missing)
Folder 607     G
Folder 608     H-I-J
Folder 609     K-L
Folder 610     M-Mc-N
Folder 611     P-Q
Folder 612     R
Folder 613     S
Folder 614     T
Folder 615     W
Folder 616     X-Y-Z




FILE 71:   SNAKE RIVER AND SNAKE RIVER CANYON


J. Neilson Barry was particularly interested in the travels of the Astorians in the Hell’s Canyon country of the Snake River.  See also File 4 (Astoria: Wilson Price Hunt: McKenzie Route; particularly Folder 51); and the Miscellaneous Subject File for folders on Donald McKenzie (Folder 978) the Wallowa region (Folders 1212-1214).  For a variety of reasons, Barry disliked the name “Snake” and avoided using the term “Hell’s Canyon.”  Folder 619 includes an article from the Portland Oregonian of October 18, 1936, entitled “We Paddled a Canoe Through Hell Canyon,” by George Thomas and Alan Williams, recounting a canoe trip from the Boise River to Portland, Oregon. 


Box 25

Folder 617     Correspondence: 1929-1952
Folder 618     Name of Snake River: Correspondence, 1924-1930
Folder 619     Miscellaneous newspaper clippings: 1929-1951
Folder 620     Maps of Snake River Canyon
Folder 621     Explorations of Snake River
Folder 622     Government figures (water flow)
Folder 623     Indian map, 1806
Folder 624     Summary of explorations of Snake River




FILE 72:   SOUTH  PASS / ROBERT  STUART  ROUTE


Barry was interested in the 1812 eastward overland route of the Astorian Robert Stuart and particularly his crossing of the continental divide at South Pass, Wyoming.  Much of the correspondence relates to the geography of the South Pass region and speculation on Stuart’s exact route of travel through the area.  Correspondents include Seymour S. Bernfeld, Donald A. Sherlock, Philip Ashton Rollins (one letter), and others familiar with the territory and the terrain.  Other related correspondence with B.W. Driggs (1929) is found in File 4 (Astoria: Wilson Price Hunt).  Folders 627 and 628 contain photostats of field notes for government surveys of the area in 1885 and 1931.  Barry's conclusions are found in his article, "The Discovery of the Oregon Trail," published in the Pacific Northwest Quarterly (1937) (Box 5, Folder 23).  He contended that Nathaniel J. Wyeth, rather than Stuart, was the first to travel in full the route that became the Oregon Trail through that region.


Box 26

Folder 625     Research correspondence: 1927-1953
Folder 626     Maps by Barry
Folder 627     Field notes of surveys, 1931 (Photostats)
Folder 628     Field notes of survey, 1885 and 1931 (Photostats)
Folder 629     Robert Stuart: Journal and journey: miscellaneous notes
Folder 630     Robert Stuart: Travel memo, October 10-24, 1812
Folder 631     Robert Stuart: Travel memo, October 6-12, 1812 (Hoback River vicinity maps)
Folder 632     Robert Stuart maps (Barry’s hand-drawn versions)




FILE 73:   SPOKANE HOUSE, LOCATION OF


Barry was interested in the precise location of the Spokane House, the North West Company’s fur trading post at the confluence of the Spokane and Little Spokane rivers.  In the 1940s he worked with local historians and other local people to pinpoint the site.  See also Maps, Folder 1326.


Box 26

Folder 633     Correspondence: 1922-1946
Folder 634     Correspondence: 1947-1954
Folder 635     Correspondence: Fay M. Orton, 1946-1947
Folder 636     Correspondence: Jerome Peltier, 1947-1954
Folder 637     Correspondence: Local informants, 1947-1951
Folder 638     Summation (not by Barry)
Folder 639     Miscellaneous
Folder 640     Photos from Jerome Peltier
Folder 641     Maps and sketches




FILE 74:   THOMPSON, DAVID:  CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX


Detailed notes on the travels of David Thompson, mainly in the Spokane, Kootenay, and Columbia River regions.


Box 26

Folder 642    Notebooks




FILE 75:   THOMPSON, DAVID:  MISCELLANEOUS


Barry’s main interest in David Thompson was his travels and exploration in what is now Washington, Oregon, and Idaho, as well as names of persons associated with him.


Box 26

Folder 643     Research correspondence: 1930-1960
Folder 644     Description of
Folder 645     Maps of travel on Columbia River, July-August 1811, by JNB
Folder 646     Names of persons
Folder 647     Names of persons, West of the Rockies and Idaho, David Thompson era
Folder 648     Journals
Folder 649     Notes
Folder 650     Miscellaneous notebook and clipped articles
Folder 651     John McDonald relief party
Folder 652     Map and notes
Folder 653     Summary of articles on Thompson in Oregon Historical Quarterly




FILE 76:   THOMPSON, DAVID:  MAPS AND PRINTED MATERIALS


See also Maps, Folder 1327.


Box 27

Folder 654    Manuscript maps by Barry
Folder 655    Canadian Historical Review, September 1936
Folder 656    Canadian Historical Review, March 1937
Folder 657    Canadian Historical Review, June 1937




FILE 77:   TOWNSHIP PLATS:  ASHLAND AREA AND SOUTHWEST OREGON


Barry made hand-drawn maps of townships in various areas of Oregon, drawing in principal streams, trails, roads, etc., and often annotating them with notations of donation land claims and their owners.


Box 27

Folder 658    Ashland region
Folder 659    Applegate Creek
Folder 660    Jackson County
Folder 661    Josephine County
Folder 662    Klamath Lake region




FILE 78:   TOWNSHIP PLATS:  BAKER AREA


Box 27

Folder 663    Baker region
Folder 664    Blue Mountains and Meacham
Folder 665    Burnt River
Folder 666    Grande Ronde
Folder 667    Malheur




FILE 79:   TOWNSHIPS PLATS: COAST REGION


Folder 669 (Astoria) also contains numerous clippings, bibliographic references, and other information about Astoria history. 


Box 27

Folder 668    Guide map of coast townships
Folder 669    Astoria    (See also Maps, Folder 1328)
Folder 670    Cape Horn, Point Adams
Folder 671    Indian Treaty, 1851
Folder 672    Siletz Bay
Folder 673    Yaquina Bay
Folder 674    Various townships plats




FILE 80:   TOWNSHIP PLATS:  COW CREEK


Also Wolf Creek.


 Box 27

Folder 675   Townships 30S to 33S, Manuscript maps




FILE 81:   TOWNSHIPS PLATS:  EUGENE


Box 27

Folder 676   Eugene




FILE 82:   TOWNSHIP PLATS: WILLAMETTE


The maps in this File, about the Willamette Valley, seem to have been drawn for the purpose of recording locations of donation land claims.  See also Maps, Folder 1329.


Box 27

Folder 677     Townships 1S to 7S
Folder 678     Townships 1N to 4N
Folder 679     Miscellaneous  (Tualatin, Beaverton)




FILE 83:   TOWNSHIP PLATS: UMPQUA RIVER


Box 27

Folder 680   Umpqua River, Township 22S, 23 S, 25S
Folder 681   Umpqua River, miscellaneous




FILE 84:   TREATIES, BRITISH


Barry was interested in the history of boundaries and sovereignty in the Oregon country and particularly international treaties regarding those issues.  Much related material is located in File 13, Boundaries.


Box 28

Folder 682    Treaties through 1824
Folder 683    Convention, 1826‑1827
Folder 684    Treaty of 1842
Folder 685    Pakenham, Buchanan, 1845
Folder 686    Treaty of 1846
Folder 687    Notes, Carey
Folder 688    Notes, Dr. John Bassett Moore




FILE 85:   TREATIES, RUSSIAN


Box 28

Folder 689    Treaties, Russian




FILE 86:   TREATIES, SPANISH


The various proposals and counterproposals of the United States and Spain leading to the Treaty of 1819, which fixed the northern boundary of Spain’s possessions at the 42nd parallel, is the focus of Barry’s research in this file.  He drew a series of colored maps illustrating the various proposals (Folder 692).


Box 28

Folder 690    J.N.B.'s maps and notes
Folder 691    Notes, typed
Folder 692    Maps of Spanish Treaty, 1819: Notebook




FILE 87:   TREATIES, UNITED STATES, CONCERNING OREGON


Barry’s study of the evolution of the international boundaries in the Pacific Northwest led him to correspond with scholars and government officials, including Joseph C. Grew, Philip Brooks, E.C. Barker, Hunter Miller, and C.S. Kingston.  The action of Captain James Biddle, U.S. Navy, in raising the American flag at the mouth of the Columbia in 1818, and its implications, were of particular interest to him (Folders 697 and 698), as were ceremonies customary in taking possession of a new country (Folder 703).  Much more correspondence with Hunter Miller is in File 15, Canada: Hudson's Bay Company.  See also Miscellaneous Subject File, Northwest Boundary (Folder 1013). 


Box 28

Folder 693    Correspondence: 1924-1946
Folder 694    Correspondence: 1947-1959
Folder 695    Atlas of Historical Geography. Notes
Folder 696    Atlas, Oregon Boundaries. Notes
Folder 697    Biddle, Captain James: Research correspondence, 1924-1932
Folder 698    Biddle, Captain James: Notes
Folder 699    List of books on Oregon boundary
Folder 700    Independent Government
Folder 701    Hunter Miller notes 
Folder 702    Notes
Folder 703    Oregon boundary dispute, Oregon in Congress
Folder 704    Taking possession
Folder 705    Arbitration, 1871: Notes on old maps




FILE 88:   VANCOUVER, CAPTAIN GEORGE


Barry took extensive notes on George Vancouver’s Voyage of discovery to the North Pacific Ocean and round the world relating to the expedition’s exploration of the Columbia River. He also studied the journal kept by a member of the Chatham’s crew as published in the Washington Historical Quarterly, 1914-15.  See also the files on Columbia River, particularly File 26 and File 27Miscellaneous Subject File on Edward Bell’s Journal (Folder 749); and Maps, Folder 1330..


Box 28

Folder 706     Vancouver's narratives: Notes
Folder 707     New Vancouver journal (kept on H.M.S. Chatham)
Folder 708     Explorations, 1792, 1793
Folder 709     Vancouver mentioned by Lewis and Clark




FILE 89:   VANCOUVER, WASHINGTON AND FORT VANCOUVER


The three main topics in this file are agriculture at the Fort Vancouver trading post, the old apple tree in Vancouver (reputedly the oldest apple tree in the Pacific Northwest), and General Ulysses S. Grant’s association with the U.S. Army’s Fort Vancouver.  Barry was part of the effort to have a marker erected at the site of Grant’s potato patch.


Box 28 

Folder 710     Correspondence: 1922-1952
Folder 711     Agriculture at Fort Vancouver
Folder 712     Apple tree: Research correspondence, 1926-1946
Folder 713     Apple tree: Clippings
Folder 714     General U.S. Grant at Vancouver, 1852‑1853
Folder 715     Newspaper clippings
Folder 716     Township plat by JNB




FILE 90:   WORK, JOHN


Barry took notes from the journals of John Work, fur trader, particularly as they related to his travels inside what is now the United States.  Names of persons mentioned in the journals were a particular interest of his.


Box 28

Folder 717     Journals, 1824‑1830: Notes
Folder 718     Journals, 1830‑1834: Notes and index of names
Folder 719     Journal extract, 1832 (in Idaho) (Typescript)




Continue to Miscellaneous Subject File




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